The Melting Baltic Sea Update


Two years ago I walked on the frozen sea just off the coast of Finland. Upon my return I vowed to analyse, and keep analysing, the data collected by the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) of sea ice concentration and thickness which is obtained from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) equipped satellites.

One year ago I wrote a collection of Python scripts to study sea ice (currently just for the Baltic Sea) and I wrote a blog post about the melting Baltic Sea. I have updated my local collection of the “SEAICE_BAL_SEAICE_L4_NRT_OBSERVATIONS_011_004” dataset from CMEMS and I have re-run the Python scripts to regenerate the animation.

  1. 512 px × 316 px (0.2 Mpx; 969.2 KiB)
  2. 1,024 px × 632 px (0.6 Mpx; 2.1 MiB)
  3. 2,048 px × 1,264 px (2.6 Mpx; 3.9 MiB)
  4. 2,412 px × 1,490 px (3.6 Mpx; 4.8 MiB)

Now that I have data for a few years I have integrated the datasets to provide a yearly summary, which is shown below. Clearly 2020 (when I went) was a particularly bad year and since then 2021 and 2022 have both been better than 2020 (as well as 2019 to boot). I will continue to monitor this dataset and keep a track of the sea ice in the Baltic Sea.

YearTotal 100%-Concentration Equivalent Sea Ice
20189,647,999.0 km².day
20195,957,851.9 km².day
20202,068,896.7 km².day
20217,266,678.6 km².day
20226,327,817.8 km².day

Note, the above table is “per calendar year” not “per winter”. We’ll call that “future work” …